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Understanding Stretch Film Yield and Performance

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Welcome to the exciting world of stretch film! Have you ever wondered how this marvelous material can stretch and wrap around your packages so effortlessly? Well, today we’re going to dive into the fascinating topic of stretch film yield and performance. By understanding the science behind this versatile packaging tool, you’ll be able to choose the perfect film for all your packaging needs. So, sit back, relax, and get ready to learn about the wonderful world of stretch film!

Stretch film yield and performance:

  • Stretch film yield refers to the amount of film required to wrap a specific load size.
  • Proper yield selection ensures optimal performance and cost-effectiveness.
  • When a stretch film is stretched beyond its yield point, it loses its ability to recover and can lead to load failure or damage.
  • Factors that affect stretch film performance include load weight, shape, and stability, as well as environmental conditions during transportation and storage.
  • Choosing the right stretch film for your packaging needs can improve load stability, reduce product damage, and save you money in the long run.

In this article, we’ll delve deeper into the wonderful world of stretch film yield and performance. You’ll learn about the different types of stretch films and how to choose the best one for your needs. We’ll also discuss the importance of proper yield selection and how it can impact the overall performance. So, grab a cup of coffee and settle in for an informative read!

Definition of stretch film

Stretch film is a highly elastic plastic film that is commonly used for wrapping and securing goods onto pallets or other types of packaging. It is made from linear low-density polyethylene (LLDPE) resin and can be stretched up to 300% of its original length without tearing. Stretch film is designed to create a tight, secure seal around products, protecting them from damage during transportation and storage. It is available in various grades and thicknesses, depending on the weight, size, and shape of the load being wrapped. Stretch film is widely used across industries such as manufacturing, logistics, and retail, making it an essential part of modern-day packaging operations.

Importance of understanding yield and performance

Understanding stretch film yield and performance is crucial for businesses that rely on efficient and effective packaging operations. Proper yield selection can save money by reducing the amount of film required to wrap a load while ensuring optimal performance can prevent product damage and loss during shipping and storage. By understanding how stretch film works and what factors affect its performance, businesses can choose the right type of film for their specific needs, improve load stability, and reduce overall packaging costs. This knowledge can also help companies stay compliant with industry regulations and best practices, as well as ensure customer satisfaction by providing secure, damage-free products. In short, gaining a deep understanding of stretch film yield and performance is vital for any business that wants to streamline its packaging operations and protect its bottom line.

Factors Affecting Stretch Film Yield

Several factors can affect stretch film yield, including:

Resin type and quality

The type and quality of resin used in the stretch film can directly impact the amount of film required to wrap a load. Higher quality resins tend to have better stretch recovery, meaning they can be stretched further without breaking or losing their elasticity, which can result in lower yield.


The thickness of the stretch film, also known as a gauge, can significantly affect yield. A thicker film may require less material to wrap a load compared to a thinner film, resulting in a higher yield.

Pre-stretch level

Pre-stretching the film before wrapping the load can increase yield by reducing the amount of film needed to wrap it. Pre-stretching elongates the film, allowing it to cover more area with less material.

Tension control

Proper tension control during the wrapping process can also impact yield. Applying too much tension can cause the film to break while applying too little tension can result in an insufficiently wrapped load that is at risk of becoming unstable during transport.

Measuring Stretch Film Yield

Calculation of yield

Calculating stretch film yield involves determining the amount of film needed to wrap a load based on its size and weight. Here are the steps to calculate stretch film yield:

  • Measure the dimensions (length, width, and height) and weight of the load being wrapped.
  • Calculate the total cubic size of the load by multiplying its length, width, and height.
  • Determine the optimal stretch film gauge for the load based on its weight and size.
  • Use a stretch film yield calculator or formula to determine the amount of film required to wrap the load based on its cubic size, stretch percentage, and pre-stretch level.
  • Add a percentage of film to account for potentially uneven surfaces or corners that require extra wrapping.
  • Round up the final film measurement to the nearest roll size available for cost-effective purchasing.

By following these steps, businesses can accurately calculate the amount of stretch film required for their packaging needs, reducing waste and ensuring optimal performance.

Impact of Yield on Cost and Sustainability

Yield can have a significant impact on both the cost and sustainability of stretch film usage in packaging operations.


Proper yield selection can result in significant cost savings by reducing the amount of film required to wrap a load, which directly lowers material costs. Additionally, using less material also reduces transportation costs and storage space requirements, leading to further cost savings. By optimizing yield, businesses can reduce their overall packaging costs and improve their bottom line.


Yield optimization can also have positive environmental impacts by reducing the amount of waste generated through excess material use. Stretch film is a non-biodegradable material that can contribute to landfill waste if not properly disposed of. By reducing the amount of stretch film used, businesses can minimize their environmental footprint and contribute to a more sustainable future.

Stretch Film Performance Characteristics

The performance characteristics of stretch film can significantly impact its effectiveness and efficiency in packaging operations. Here are some important factors to consider:

Load retention/containment

One of the most crucial performance characteristics of stretch film is its ability to securely hold a load together during transportation and storage. The film must be strong enough to resist shifting or settling of the load, ensuring that it remains stable and intact.

Puncture resistance

The stretch film must also be puncture-resistant to prevent damage or tearing caused by sharp objects, edges, or corners. A more robust film with higher puncture resistance ensures that the film doesn’t break under stress, which could lead to load failure or product damage.

Tear strength

The tear strength of stretch film impacts its ability to withstand the forces exerted on it during wrapping and transportation. Higher tear strength reduces the risk of the film tearing or breaking while in use, contributing to improved load stability and reduced product damage.


Clarity refers to the transparency of the stretch film, which can impact visibility and aesthetics. Clear films allow for easy identification and inspection of the contents of the load while colored or tinted films offer increased security through concealment of the contents.

ASTM standards for testing

The American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) has developed several standards for testing stretch film performance. These standards are widely used by manufacturers, suppliers, and end-users to ensure that stretch films meet specific quality and performance criteria. Here are a few ASTM standards used for testing stretch film performance:


This standard test method measures the tensile properties of thin plastic films. It determines the stress-strain behavior of the film under tensile loading.

ASTM D1709

This standard test method measures the resistance of plastic films to puncture using a free-falling dart. It determines the energy required to puncture the film at a specified velocity and weight.


This standard test method measures the tensile properties of plastics using a standardized testing machine. It determines the modulus of elasticity, yield strength, and elongation at the break of the film.

ASTM D1922

This standard test method measures the resistance of the plastic film to tear propagation using a trouser tear method. It determines the force required to propagate a tear through the film.

In conclusion, understanding stretch film yield and performance is essential for businesses that rely on efficient and effective packaging operations. Proper yield selection can save money by reducing the amount of film required to wrap a load while ensuring optimal performance can prevent product damage and loss during shipping and storage. Factors such as resin type and quality, gauge/thickness, pre-stretch level, and tension control can all impact stretch film yield, making it critical to choose the right type of film for specific packaging needs.

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